NARM: The NeuroAffective Relational Model™

restoring connection & healing Complex

developmental trauma

Effective. Precise. Impactful. 


This developmentally-oriented, neuroscientifically-informed model bridges traditional psychotherapy and somatic approaches within a context of relational practice. NARM is a mindfulness-based clinical treatment. It's method is grounded in a phenomenological approach to addressing identity and consciousness of self – who we truly are beneath these patterned ways of relating to ourselves and the world.

Seen in this way, healing complex trauma is a vehicle for transformation on a personal and collective level.

 Talaris Conference Center, Seattle

Talaris Conference Center, Seattle

NARM Intro In Seattle

Intro Session Part 1 October 12, 2018

Part 2: Delve Deeper October 13, 2018

NARM is a cutting-edge & highly effective model for addressing attachment, relational and developmental trauma. Attend the one day introductory session and learn to discern between shock and developmental trauma, uncover trauma’s relationship to toxic shame, discover the 5 adaptive survival styles and...

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 Seattle on a beautiful, clear day

Seattle on a beautiful, clear day

NARM Training in Seattle

Practitioner Training

Starts 2019

Connection: Our Deepest Desire & Our Greatest Fear

NARM trainings are available in many cities in the US. For more information go to

Seattle practitioner training starts in 2019.

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Healing Developmental Trauma: How Early Trauma Affects Self-Regulation, Self-Image, and the Capacity for Relationship by Laurence Heller, Aline LaPierre

An impaired capacity for connection to self and to others often leads to diminished aliveness, and underlies many psychological and physiological problems. In Healing Developmental Trauma, Laurence Heller and Aline LaPierre introduce the NeuroAffective Relational Model (NARM) for working with the complex trauma that we see so often in our therapeutic work. NARM’s unified approach to developmental, attachment, and shock trauma emphasizes working in the present moment to resolve experiences from the past.



Stefanie Klein, LCSW, SEP, NARM MP, NARM Faculty

Stefanie Klein is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, Somatic Experiencing Practitioner, NARM Master Practitioner, consultant, and faculty member. She has spent 22 years in her Los Angeles private practice specializing in treating adults with trauma and anxiety disorders.

For the past decade, she has had the distinct privilege of being mentored by Dr. Laurence Heller, founder of The NeuroAffective Relational Model. Stefanie has been honored to assist Dr. Heller in all of his US NARM practitioner trainings. She has found NARM to be an extremely effective model for working with attachment, relational, and developmental trauma.

She has witnessed first-hand how personally and professionally transformational the NARM Practitioner Training has been for those whom have participated thus far. Stefanie is excited to share the NARM approach with anyone looking to have more ease and efficacy in their practice.


Laurence Heller, PhD

Dr. Laurence Heller is the founder of the NeuroAffective Relational Model™ (NARM), a unified systemic approach for working with developmental issues and shock trauma. 
NARM is a resource-oriented, psychodynamically informed model that emphasizes working in the present moment. NARM uses somatic mindfulness to re-regulate the nervous system and resolve identity distortions such as low self-esteem, shame, and chronic self judgment.

Dr. Heller is the co-author of Healing Developmental Trauma, How Early Trauma Affects Self-Regulation, Self-Image, and the Capacity for Relationahip and the co-author of Crash Course, A Self-Healing Guide to Auto Accident Trauma and Recover. Both are published in a number of languages. He speaks several languages and for the past 15 years has been conducting seminars in the NARM approach and trainings in Somatic Experiencing® in Switzerland, France, Denmark, Germany, Austria, Belgium, Israel, Greece, Holland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, and throughout the United States. 

Dr. Heller has been on the faculty of several major universities and has taught courses and seminars at medical schools, hospitals and pain clinics in the U.S. and Europe. He co-founded the Gestalt Institute of Denver and later the Rocky Mountain Psychotherapy Institute where he trained hundreds of mental health professionals. In the past 20 years, he has provided thousands of case consultations for therapists in the U.S. and Europe.